Overview of Bardia National Park Tour
Bardia National Park is situated in the mid far western Terai, east of the Karnali River. The park is the largest covering 986 sq km. and most undisturbed wilderness area in the Terai. About 70% of the park is covered with forest with the balance a mixture of grassland, savannah and riverine forest. Bardia was a royal hunting reserve of Nepal’s Rana rulers from 1846 to 1950. It became a National Park in 1988. The approximately 1500 people who used to live in this valley have been resettled elsewhere. Since farming has ceased in the Babai Valley, natural vegetation is regenerating, making it an area of prime habitat for wildlife.
The park provides excellent habitat for endangered animals like the rhinoceros wild elephant, Royal Bengal Tiger, swamp deer, black buck, Gharial crocodile, marsh mugger crocodile and Gangetic dolphin. Endangered birds include the Bengal florican, lesser florican, silver-eared mesia and Sarus crane. More than 30 different mammals, over 200 species of birds, and many snakes, lizards and fish have been recorded in the park’s forest, grassland and river habitats. A good number of resident and migratory birds are found in the park. It is also the home of one of the last known herds of wild Elephants.
From Nepalgunj it is approximately 95 Km and takes 3 hrs Jeep/ Car drive crossing Babai River and from Ambassa it is 12 Km which is not concrete and takes rough 1 hour. You can fly to Nepalgunj from Kathmandu ( everyday afternoon flights available) or can drive to Nepalgunj. Ambassa lies in the East West Highway can be reached by the Bus services from Kathmandu. You can arrive this point from Nepal India West Boarder called Mahendranagar by Bus.