Overview of Chitwan Jungle Safari
Between 1846 and 1950, when the Rana prime ministers were de facto rulers of Nepal, Chitwan was declared a private hunting reserve, maintained exclusively for the privileged classes. Penalties for poaching were severe – capital punishment for killing rhino – and the wildlife in the area thus received a measure of protection.
From time to time great hunts for rhino were held during the cool, mosquito-free winter months from December to February. The Ranas invited royalty from Europe and the Princely States of India, as well as other foreign dignitaries, to take part in these grand maneuvers, which were organized on a magnificent scale, often with several hundred leopards.
In 1973, Chitwan National Park was established covering 932 sq km area is now listed in the World Heritage site by UNESCO. The Park consists of a diversity of ecosystems-including the Churia hills, Ox-bow lakes, and the flood plains of the Rapti, Reu and Narayani Rivers. The Churia hills rise slowly towards the East from 150 m. to more than 800 m. The western portion of the Park is comprised of the lower but more rugged, Someshwor hill. The Park shares its eastern boundary with the Parsa Wildlife Reserve.
Elephant back ride safari is the most popular activity of Chitwan National Park and provides opportunity to get a closer view of the endangered one-horned rhinoceros along with other may faunas fond in the park. One may also get a glimpse of the elusive Bengal tiger. The Elephant Breeding Center at Khorsor, Sauraha gives you information on captive elephant and the calves born there.
If you’re one who likes the ultimate thrill, animals and want to experience the unique adventure, The chitwan National Park is your paradise. Spreading 864.25 sq km, the park is home to 43 species of mammals and 543 of birds . It is best known for One-Horned Rhino and some hundred nocturnal Royal Bengal Tigers that live in the dense forests of this park.The grassy terrain along with the dense jungle makes it the perfect home for the wild animals to flourish and makes for a challenging safari through the park for the adventure lover in you!
Some of the animals you can spot here are the lumbering elephants, crocodiles, pythons and deer; brilliantly colored birds and if you are fortunate – the superb Royal Bengal Tiger,rhesus monkey, grey langur, and leopards.so make sure your camera has plenty of space to capture it all.
Best time to visit – November-February is the best time to visit.